Chronic eye problems are those eye conditions that last for a long time; usually, between one year and a lifetime. Chronic eye problems often do not have cure but can be treated to achieve one or more of the following:
- Reduce symptoms and discomfort caused by the problem
- Slow down the advancement of the disease
- Stop the course of the disease and prevent it disease from getting worse.
- Reverse the condition.
Since most chronic eye problems do not have cure, they need to be managed continuously to prevent or minimize damage to the eyes and vision. Without the right and consistent treatment, most people with chronic eye problems lose some or all of their vision.
Here are common chronic eye conditions with links to resources that you can read to learn more about them.
A group of eye diseases that gradually damage the optic nerve. It causes irreversible loss of vision loss and can lead to blindness if not detected early and managed properly. Visit the links below to learn more about glaucoma.
- BrightFocus Foundation
- Eyecare NG
- Glaucoma Research Foundation
- Wilmers Eye Institute
Clouding of the natural lens in the eye. This leads to decreased vision and blindness. Fortunately, blindness due to cataract can be reversed with surgery. Visit the links below to learn more about cataract.
Diabetic eye disease
This is a group of eye problems that occur as a complication of diabetes. They include fluctuations in vision, cataract, glaucoma and retinal damage (diabetic retinopathy). Diabetic eye disease can lead to blindness if it is not detected early and managed properly. Visit the links below to learn more about diabetic eye disease.
- Eyecare NG
- National Eye Institute
- National Institute of Diabetic and Digestive Kidney Diseases
This is the deterioration of the sharpest point of vision on the retina known as the macula. It causes a gradual loss of central vision. This condition can be prevented or slowed by adopting lifestyles that impact on vision positively. Visit the links below to learn more about macular degeneration.
Dry eye syndrome
This is a condition in which the eyes do not produce enough tears, or the tears produced evaporate quickly. It can cause mild symptoms such as mild irritation, redness, burning sensation, watery eyes or feeling of dryness. If not treated, the condition can cause severe eye inflammation and damage to the surface of the eye. Visit the links below to learn more about dry eye syndrome.