Causes and Relief of Eyelid Twitching

By Eyecare NG

Eyelid twitching is an involuntary contraction and relaxation of the muscles of the eyelids. The involuntary contraction and relaxation is known as spasm. Eyelid twitching is very common as most people experience it at least once in their lifetime. In most cases, twitching is harmless and lasts for a short period of time.

Common causes of eyelid twitching include:

  • Stress and fatigue
  • Eye strain
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Caffeine and Alcohol
  • Allergies and eye irritations
  • Medications

To relieve eyelid twitching;

  • Get enough rest and sleep if you are stressed or fatigued.
  • If you use the computer for an extended period of time, take precautions against eye strain. Learn more
  • Apply warm compresses. This relaxes the muscle and reduces the muscle spasm.
  • Gently massage on and around the eyelid helps to calm down the muscle and sometimes takes care of the lid twitching.
  • If you have an allergy or eye irritation, using an antihistamine may help to reduce the twitching
  • Lubricating drops to moisturise the eyes may also help if the eyes are dry.
  • Reduce your intake of alcohol and caffeine.

Note

Some cases of eyelid twitching can go on for as long days, weeks or even months. Prolonged twitching requires investigation by an eye doctor as it may be a sign of serious neurological conditions characterized by spasms such as blepharospasm (which affects the eyelid),  hemifacial spasm (which affects one side of the face), Bell’s palsy (temporary paralysis of muscles on one side of the face) or Parkinson’s disease.